The Quran describes a sequence of events
that could be incorporated within an evolutionary process,
but with God as the initiator and sustainer, with mankind
being given unique qualities at a point in time when
ready. Some examples are shown below:
21:30 ...We made out of water every living
11:61 ...He produced you from the earth/land...
there not a time when mankind was nothing to even be
76:2 We have created mankind from a
71:17 God made you grow from the earth as a
23:12 And We have created man from an extract
23:13 Then We made him a drop
in an established lodging.
71:14 "And indeed He created you in stages...
is not a creature in the earth, or a bird that flies with
its wings, but are communities like you...
6:133 ...He raised you from the seed
of another people.
22:5 ...We have created you from
dust, then from an exudate/drop, then from a clinging
substance, then from a fetus developed and undeveloped...
32:7 The One who perfected everything
He created and He began the creation of man from clay.
32:8 Then He made his progeny from an
extract of a humble liquid.
32:9 Then He evolved him, and blew
into him from His spirit...
29:20 Say, "Roam the earth and
observe how the creation was originated...
To conclude, it seems The
Quran does not confirm nor rule out the theory of evolution.
It may be interesting to
note that the basic theory of evolution can be found in
early Muslim works and was not considered controversial.
Perhaps the most well known example of this was in the work
'Al Muqaddimah' ('the introduction') by Ibn Khaldun (1377),
written more than 400 years before Charles Darwin. Quote:
"One should then take a
look at the world of creation. It started out from the
minerals and progressed, in an ingenious, gradual manner,
to plants and animals. The last stage of minerals is
connected with the first stage of plants, such as herbs
and seedless plants. The last stage of plants, such as
palms and vines, is connected with the first stage of
animals, such as snails and shellfish which have only the
power of touch. The word 'connection' with regard to these
created things means that the last stage of each group is
fully prepared to become the first stage of the newest
group. The animal world then widens, its species become
numerous, and, in a gradual process of creation, it
finally leads to man, who is able to think and reflect.
The higher stage of man is reached from the world of
monkeys, in which both sagacity and perception are found,
but which has not reached the stage of actual reflection
and thinking. At this point we come to the first stage of